What Is Money?
Money is the most important and widely used concept around the world. People are not born with money, but they grow up with it as they earn it through their daily activities. The acquisition of money is a process which takes many years. At a young age children are able to accumulate small amounts of money by means of their earnings from different activities. In order to improve their financial position, they start to learn about money and how to use it.
Money is any verifiable account or instrument which is normally accepted as payment of debt and goods, including repayment of loans, in a certain country or economic context and is generally recognized as legal tender. Money is a unique system of exchange that has evolved throughout history due to the role of credit and debit in determining the value of a nation’s currency. The international trade, which includes cross-border transactions, involves the transfer of funds between nations and is primarily governed by monetary systems such as fiat money or central bank notes. Fiat money is a common system of currency which is usually backed by the assets of a country.
A fiat money system is not based on any kind of underlying commodity and its value is not established by any physical commodity. Money is defined by the governments of the countries in terms of their national banks and is issued in the name of their respective government. Fiat money system is characterized by a flexible exchange rate, high marketability, easy accessibility and quick settlement of disputes. Money may be denominated in any currency that is convertible into other currencies.
In the United States, the dollar is the legal tender in payment of all loans, debts and purchases and in other international monetary transactions. Money is created by the US government by spending it as the reserves of the federal reserve deposits. The reserves are invested either in government securities, commercial paper, government bonds or in bank accounts. Loans are made to banks by the federal government and by corporations, both foreign and domestic. Money is a concept of a social organization, a system of exchange and prices and is the only thing that really stand behind the value.
Cryptocurrency, which includes most virtual currencies, is becoming a medium of exchange. Cryptocurrencies are usually stored on computers and are accessible through the internet in various formats. Decisions for the allocation of Cryptocurrencies are determined by different algorithms. The process of allocation is called as pegged exchange. In this system, the value of the Cryptocurrencies are not determined by their actual physical commodity, but by the decision of the network of computers that store them.
Money, in general, is a medium of exchange. In this modern world, where almost everything is done at the internet, money plays a great role in the business and transactional systems of the modern economy. Online money transfer, trading, auctions and the like, take place on the internet, and money is used as the medium of exchange for these transactions. It is an irreversible transaction. Therefore, money is not only a medium of exchange, but it is also a valuable commodity.